June 10, 2014
June 10, 2014: Under pressure from a coalition of investors for the fifth year in a row, major oil and gas companies including Exxon Mobil Corporation,* EQT Corporation,* and Occidental Petroleum* agreed to report on steps being taken to mitigate the adverse environmental and community impacts of their hydraulic fracturing operations.
The coalition of investors, which includes socially responsible investors and major public pension funds, filed shareholder proposals at Chevron Corporation* (Chevron), Exxon Mobil Corporation (Exxon Mobil), EQT Corporation (EQT), EOG Resources* (EOG), Pioneer Natural Resources* (Pioneer), and Occidental Petroleum (Occidental) earlier this year, raising concerns about the risks associated with the impacts of company hydraulic fracturing operations. In response to corporate commitments, shareholders withdrew the proposals at Exxon Mobil, EQT, Occidental, and Pioneer. Nearly a third of shareholders voted in favor of the proposals presented at EOG and Chevron’s annual meetings of shareholders.**
“Mismanagement of hydraulic fracturing operations has earned the industry a reputation as a bad neighbor, putting its social license to operate and shareholder value at risk,” noted Lucia von Reusner, shareholder advocate at Green Century Capital Management, which filed shareholder proposals at EOG and EQT. “Investors are increasingly seeking transparent evidence and rigorous reporting demonstrating that companies engaged in hydraulic fracturing are responsibly managing the impacts of their operations,” added von Reusner.
Earlier this year, investors also issued a scorecard report, Disclosing the Facts: Transparency and Risk in Hydraulic Fracturing Operations, benchmarking companies engaged in hydraulic fracturing practices against investor needs for disclosure. The scorecard was intended to inform investors and drive progress across the oil and gas industry to improve disclosure. Companies that received shareholder proposals this year were among those receiving the lowest scores, with no company disclosing information on even half of the 32 indicators assessed.
“The results of this scorecard unfortunately demonstrated that companies engaged in hydraulic fracturing are failing to rigorously address public and investor concerns around the impacts of hydraulic fracturing operations,” noted Richard Liroff, Executive Director at the Investor Environmental Health Network (IEHN). “Absent disclosure, investors and the public have no assurance that companies are managing their impacts and are unable to distinguish corporate leaders in adopting best management practices from laggards.”
“The long-term value of our investments in energy companies depends on their transparency regarding the steps they’ve taken to manage the environmental and other risks inherent to the industry,” said New York State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli. “We want to ensure that the returns enjoyed by energy companies and investors are sustainable.”
Exxon Mobil, which received a shareholder proposal filed by the New York City Pension Funds and As You Sow, and co-filed by 12 investor groups, agreed to begin reporting on how it assesses and manages risk across 26 of the categories called for in Disclosing the Facts. This represented the first year that Exxon agreed to disclose the impacts of its hydraulic fracturing operations, after receiving a shareholder proposal every year since 2010 on the issue.
“Exxon has finally agreed to provide shareholders with information about its on-the-ground actions – from air pollution to spill prevention to reducing truck traffic, among others,” said Danielle Fugere, President of As You Sow. “Vague assurances about protective measures are no longer sufficient; shareholders are demanding to know exactly what measures companies are adopting to protect health and the environment and, more importantly, whether those measures are demonstrably effective in preventing harm. Given the high stakes, we have moved from an era of ‘trust’, to ‘verify’.”
In response to a shareholder proposal filed by Green Century Capital Management, EQT agreed to start measuring and disclosing methane leakage, which previously went unreported by the company. The company also agreed to report on progress being made to minimize risks to ground and surface water through increased recycling and proper storage of waste water.
Occidental received a shareholder proposal for the first time this year, filed by As You Sow. The proposal was withdrawn after the company agreed to start reporting on its water consumption for each shale play that it was operating in, including the amount that came from fresh water sources. The company also agreed to report annually on its water recycling, waste management, and toxic chemical reduction efforts.
After receiving a shareholder proposal filed by Calvert Investments for the second year in a row, Pioneer reported that it had added Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) oversight to its board charter, and increased its disclosures addressing water sourcing and recycling as well as air emissions management.
The shareholder proposals filed at Chevron and EOG, filed by the Sisters of Saint Francis of Philadelphia and the New York State Office of the Comptroller respectively, both received support from close to a third of shareholders.**Shareholders urged Chevron and EOG to more clearly demonstrate effective risk management practices by disclosing quantitative metrics relating to water consumption, air emissions, and waste management practices and community engagement.
“Unfortunately, despite years of pressure from investors and community members, Chevron continues to lag its peers in demonstrating measurable reductions of its impacts on the environment and local communities,” reported Nora Nash, director of Corporate Social Responsibility at the Sisters of St. Francis of Philadelphia. “As Chevron drags its feet, vulnerable communities across the country continue to bear the health and environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing, with little evidence that one of the world’s largest energy companies is taking steps to manage its footprint.”
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*Securities mentioned were not held in the portfolios as of March 31, 2014. The holdings of the Green Century Funds may change due to ongoing management of the Funds. References to specific investments should not be construed as a recommendation of a security by the Funds, their advisor, administrator, or distributor.
**The percentage in favor was calculated by (i) dividing the number of votes in support of the proposal by (ii) the sum of the number of votes voted in support of and against the proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes were not included in the calculation.
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